Sunday, May 24, 2020

Key Characteristics of Gothic Architecture - 1436 Words

What architectural changes were necessary in the shift from Romanesque to Gothic cathedrals in Europe and what inspirational changes influenced these changes? A. Plan of Investigation This investigation’s purpose is to analyze the changes in the architectural technique of the Romanesque style of architecture and come to a conclusion as to whether the shift in technique led to the rise of the more grandiose Gothic architecture in Europe. All art is inspired and the influences that caused the change in technique will also be investigated. In order to come to a conclusion I read books on the two styles I compared, studied some examples of each form of architecture through photographs, and listened to a few podcasts on the topic. Many of the†¦show more content†¦Flying buttresses such as the ones featured in the Chartres cathedral provided additional support outside of the building. The walls of Gothic cathedrals were relatively thin and the buildings themselves were hollow. With the much more slender skeleton, architects were able to add larger windows to the buildings. The insides of Gothic cathedrals were very well-lit due to the abundance of large stained glass windows. Gothic cathedrals were known for the light that was let in as it made them â€Å"look like heaven.† (differencebetween.net) â€Å"People during both the Romanesque and Gothic period were obsessed with heights. Buildings were desired to reach the limit of their heights.† (Tripathi) Both had the goal of reaching the heavens and being grander than the previous wooden-roof churches. The answer medieval architects came to was to build a stronger support system made of arches. What differentiated the two was how the architects implemented the arches. C. Evaluation of Sources One of the sources used is the book A Concise History of Western Architecture by R. Furneaux Jordan. The book was published in the US in 1970 with the purpose of providing a reference and putting together information about the different types of architecture in the West. A limitation of this source is that it is not an up-to-date source having been published over 40 years ago. The value, however, comes from the fact that it had the ability toShow MoreRelatedDifferences Between Eastern And Western European Architectural Styles1223 Words   |  5 PagesGothic architecture is often characterized just by the visual aspects that define it; however, there is much deeper influence in the structure and form of the style. The term is sometimes used to define a time period, but some critics believe there is no true definition of the term gothic. The style has evolved from many different things throughout history, and its influence is still evident throughout buildings in Europe. Gothic arc hitecture and different styles of architecture can commonly beRead MoreArchitectural Styles Of The Ottoman Empire993 Words   |  4 PagesDistinguishable characteristics like the form, method of construction, regional features, and the materials used to make a building or any other construction, which helps in identifying that structure amongst others are what comprise an architectural style. Architectural styles have a vast diversity as they represent changes in beliefs, religion, fashion, and the invention of new technology over a broad time period. Over the ages, different empires would rule over a region with each ruler of thoseRead MoreEssay about European Gothic Architecture â€Å"Los Angeles Adaptation†1613 Words   |  7 Pages The history of Architecture started long time ago. The nomadic were groups of people whom move from one place to another in order find shelter and food to survive. As they progress, their techniques to survive evolve. The need for a permanen t shelter became vital for a better stability of the group. This is the time when the first structures that provided protection appeared. Post and lintel were the first forms of Architecture, that satisficed the basic needs. Architecture evolved to be more sophisticatedRead MoreMost Memorable Works Of Architecture971 Words   |  4 PagesThere have been many memorable works of architecture in ancient history. So many, in fact, that it can sometimes be pretty overwhelming. It is always interesting to think about how much these individuals of the ancient world built given how behind they were compared to our lives today. In the big scheme of things, they were actually probably better off than we are today. One of the most admired and intricate works of architecture from the medieval French era is known as the Chartres Cathedral (AKARead MoreThe Patterns Of Gothic Architecture755 Words   |  4 Pagesshift to Gothic architecture. Before this, medieval Europe was dominated by the Rom anesque style. Seeing that this is where Gothic architecture derived, they are very similar, apart from certain added characteristics. Amongst these are pointed arches and cross/groin-ribbed vaults in contrast to the previous rounded arches and barrel vaults. The design gave way to taller more massive structures, and stained glass windows by way of flying buttresses, yet another key feature of the Gothic style. BeyondRead MoreArt and Architecture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance Essay949 Words   |  4 Pagesmost visible through art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion or classical antiquity, and humanity. During the Middle Ages, art was more religious because it had a very religious influence from the church having such great power in the community. When the Renaissance started, art became more focused on ancient Greece. The Greek influence was because scholars were broadly studying the revival of classical antiquity. The architecture was affected in the same wayRead More A Critical Essay on Edgar Allan Poe’s The Fall of the House of Usher (1839)1221 Words   |  5 Pagesauthor Alexandra Iftodi Zamfir (1986- ) argues that â€Å"architecture and settings are more important in Gothic fiction than in any other type of literature†¦all architectural elements are closely connected with Gothic protagonists and the plot.† (Zamfir. 2011: 15). This critical essay will first consider and analyse this statement and investigate the style, language and form of the American author Edgar Allan Poe’s (1809-1849) macabre and Gothic fictional prose The Fall of the House of Usher (1839)Read MoreBuilding : The Basilica Of Sant Ambrogio2204 Words   |  9 Pages1: THE GOTHIC (10%) Question 1A: (1 mark per answer, total of 4 marks) Identify the building in each of the Figures 1.1 – 1.4. Describe one key aspect of its architecture below. Figure 1.1 Building: The Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio Architect: St. Ambrose Key Aspect: The Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio’s layout acquires a semi-circular apse, and a couple smaller semi-circular chapels at the end of the buildings aisles with no transept in the buildings design at all, which is unusual for a Gothic style churchRead MoreAaron Fyler. Mrs.Schroder. English Iv. 5 December 2016.1174 Words   |  5 PagesAaron Fyler Mrs.Schroder English IV 5 December 2016 Gothic Influences within Frankenstein Gothic has its origins from the Germanic tribes who invaded and plundered Rome and other European nations during the third, fourth, and fifth centuries. The word Gothic became connected to words like barbaric and savage and was integrated into the Middle ages due to the time period itself being referred to as unenlightened and superstitious (Architecture). Its first entrance into literature occurred in HoraceRead MoreGothic Style and Its Influence on Modern Day Concept Arts Essay5432 Words   |  22 PagesSESSION 2012/2013 GKA 2043 Research Methodology Title: The Study of Gothic Style and Its Influence on Modern Day Concept Arts Introduction: Gothic art flourished from the 12th century to the 16th century in Europe in response of the Byzantine and Romanesque tradition. Although Gothic is associated with arts, its most prominent use is in architecture, mainly for its pointed arch and flying buttress. To this day, the Gothic style is taken as a ‘label’ for visual arts such as concept art designs

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Minnesota Colleges and Universities Pursuing Online and Campus Based Education in Minnesota 2019

The North Star State of Minnesota houses one of the busiest inland harbors in the U.S. as well as the Saint Lawrence Seaway, a significant port for overseas trade. Over half of Minnesotans reside in the Twin Cities metropolitan area. However, education and career opportunities abound throughout the state thanks to Minnesota colleges and universities. Graduates of Minnesota Colleges and Universities Find Employment in Prestigious Occupations Minnesota has some of the nations most highly educated people, making it home to many successful companies. Printing and publishing, outdoor tourism, and high technology manufacturing are some of the most prominent employers of Minnesota college graduates. Well-known companies in Minnesota include: Target Corporation headquartered in Twin Cities, MN. Best Buy headquartered in Twin Cities, MN. Mall of America in Bloomington, MN. IBM with a large plant in Rochester, MN. Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. Seagate Technology headquartered in Shakopee, MN. .u7206098637f4492db15b83a01d350530 { padding:0px; margin: 0; padding-top:1em!important; padding-bottom:1em!important; width:100%; display: block; font-weight:bold; background-color:#eaeaea; border:0!important; border-left:4px solid #34495E!important; box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -o-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); text-decoration:none; } .u7206098637f4492db15b83a01d350530:active, .u7206098637f4492db15b83a01d350530:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; text-decoration:none; } .u7206098637f4492db15b83a01d350530 { transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; } .u7206098637f4492db15b83a01d350530 .ctaText { font-weight:bold; color:inherit; text-decoration:none; font-size: 16px; } .u7206098637f4492db15b83a01d350530 .post Title { color:#000000; text-decoration: underline!important; font-size: 16px; } .u7206098637f4492db15b83a01d350530:hover .postTitle { text-decoration: underline!important; } READ Solving Environmental Problems with Science and TechnologyLow Unemployment Rates and High Salaries Encourage Minnesota College Graduates to Build Local Careers Minnesota boasts an unemployment rate below the national average along with a median household income well above the national average. Consequently, Minnesota college graduates have little reason to leave the states thriving economy. The Department of Labor and U.S. Census Bureau reveal: The 2016 2017 Minnesota median household income was $56,098, approximately $10,000 above the national average. The September, 2017 Minnesota unemployment rate was 3%, compared to the national average of 4%. 2,843,900 people are employed in Minnesota. The 2017 Minnesota gross state product was $233 billion. Online and Campus Based Minnesota Colleges and Universities Provide Access to Higher Education throughout the State Whether living in the Twin Cities metropolitan area or Greater Minnesota, individuals have access to flexible education options through Minnesota colleges and universities. Minnesota offers both campus-based and online education through schools, such as: University Of Phoenix: Minneapolis/St Louis Park College Campus and Online Programs. ITT Technical Institute: Eden Prairie College Campus, Woodbury College Campus, and Online Programs. Kaplan University: Minnesota Online Programs. Ashford University: Minnesota Online Programs. .uf325cc049cb63610cb69347a7ad7db15 { padding:0px; margin: 0; padding-top:1em!important; padding-bottom:1em!important; width:100%; display: block; font-weight:bold; background-color:#eaeaea; border:0!important; border-left:4px solid #34495E!important; box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -o-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); -webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.17); text-decoration:none; } .uf325cc049cb63610cb69347a7ad7db15:active, .uf325cc049cb63610cb69347a7ad7db15:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; text-decoration:none; } .uf325cc049cb63610cb69347a7ad7db15 { transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; } .uf325cc049cb63610cb69347a7ad7db15 .ctaText { font-weight:bold; color:inherit; text-decoration:none; font-size: 16px; } .uf325cc049cb63610cb69347a7ad7db15 .post Title { color:#000000; text-decoration: underline!important; font-size: 16px; } .uf325cc049cb63610cb69347a7ad7db15:hover .postTitle { text-decoration: underline!important; } READ Preparing a Healthier Financial Future Through Healthcare Management EducationFor more links to Minnesota colleges and universities, students are encouraged to visit College-Pages.com, the leading education and career resource website. Prospective students will also find access to informative articles about making education and career decisions in Minnesota. Related ArticlesNorth Dakota Colleges and Universities Pursuing Online and Campus Based Education in North DakotaNew York Colleges and Universities Pursuing Online and Campus Based Education in New York, the Empire StateKentucky Colleges and Universities Pursuing Online and Campus-based Education in Kentucky, the Bluegrass StateColleges and Universities in Guam Pursuing Online Education in GuamVirginia Colleges and Universities Pursuing Online and Campus Based Education in Virginia, the Old Dominion StateArizona Colleges and Universities Pursing Advanced Education in The Grand Canyon State

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Mintzberg Free Essays

The company is a Microsoft certified Partner. The Hosting market in the UK is set to grow by 1 1. % CARR over the next 5 years from a basses Emma in 2008. We will write a custom essay sample on Mintzberg or any similar topic only for you Order Now This growth being driven to by factors that fit well with the economic climate- cost reduction, increased efficiency, scalability and flexibility. In addition, the Hosting market speculated with a wide range of similar product offerings often only differentiated by relativism’s technical variables. Being competitive In this market relies on adding value by additional reappraisal services such as consultancy and high levels of technical service supported opportunity for â€Å"Company A† lies in providing value-added services that deliver seduction, increased efficiency, scalability and flexibility. â€Å"Company A† has a product range to compete with the best providers with ready-to-go serviettes through to highly complex solutions. It is the leading supplier of Filmmaker tablespoonful In the UK and Is a Microsoft Certified Partner. In addition â€Å"Company through its service levels. Let provides a superior level of hand-holding and technical support that differentiates itself frothier hosting providers. â€Å"Company A† is well positioned to convert this opportunity into significant growth with distressing product angel and high service levels but has identified a need to increase its marketability. It has therefore created a plan to develop its sales and marketing structure which wildcatters on this opportunity and double its revenue over the next three years. Core to thespian is investment in three target growth areas with low cost of sale that provide low risk endothelial high return. This will increase its currently low visibility with its customers and in thematic place, develop new sales channels and increase large customer sales. With 75% of revenue currently generated wrought solid and predictable monthly irresistibleness, and cash providing xx cover of its monthly overheads the company is in a gastrointestinal position. It is able to support its growth plans with its current borrowing and does anticipate any need for further loan or equity finance. Page 3 of 26 â€Å"Company A† Limited – Business Plan Commentary) BACKGROUND†Company A† Limited (â€Å"The Company’) is a middle tier hosting company based annex, UK with an annual turnover of Exam in the full year to July 2008. It was established Sears ago to provide web-development and ousting services and is now 100% focused nonbinding hosted services – internet hosting, back-up and email services – from its secure decanter in the UK. The company is the leading supplier of XX hosting solutions and is Microsoft Gold Certified Partner. It offers simple Ready-To-Go-Systems and built trotter Complex Hosted Systems as well as the ability to host customer hardware ‘nits secure data centre. It also offers Domain Management for its clients. The Company has a client base of around 600 small, medium and large boisterousness’s both internationally and in the I-J that include Abacus Media, Prestige Property,Worldwide [Daily Telegraph, Kodak Dental Systems and Sifts. Clients are served by XX staff who provide a 2417 managed service environment and range of expertise that includes Linux, Myself Server, Cisco Jupiter Networks, Happy Dell storage, ASS and Apache Servers, SAP, PH, Ajax and . NET. The Company is run by Managing Director Joe Oblongs who has over 20 years of IT interdependence, and Josephine Oblongs who has guided the growth of the company as Financial undemonstrative Director. To date the company has been funded by a mixture of loan and equity finance secured by decrement directors of the company. The many is in a stable financial position with good recurring business but has yet to reaching full market potential. With the experience of the current directors and operations team and the recruitment of experiences sales and marketing personnel it has developed a growth plantar will see its revenue double over the next three years to around Exam. How to cite Mintzberg, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Before World War II broke out the world took a wil Essay Example For Students

Before World War II broke out the world took a wil Essay d ride during Hitlers rise to power. The entire world didnt think that he would become as powerful as he became. Hitlerachieved his power by relying on the nerviness of the world to sit back and allow him todo what he wanted. The world was too concerned about the political, economic andmilitant to busy worrying about the Germans who where thinking about ruling the world. Before and during the war, the world was concerned about the economic system. Eversince World War I, the world countries have been in and out of depressions, no onewanted another war. The United States, which was in the Greatest Depression of all, wasits a big problem itself. The US didnt want war, especially after the last one they foughtwith huge causalities and huge amounts of money spent. The citizens of the US didntwant another war because they knew that another war would cause another depressionand that was something that the people didnt want. Even thought the war would createjobs, and put the economy back into a war boom, the American public didnt want tohave to deal with the downsides of a war. The major downside being the huge economictoll it would take on the government, which would be fighting on two oceans on differentsides of the world. It would become very costly to maintain war and win too. The world also had enormous political concerns. The US was in a period of major andthey wanted no part of anything else in the world, except the Western Hemisphere. WithGermanys rise of Nazism, the world responded with fascist parties popping up in everynation across the world. Hitler has spread his beliefs into every county in the entire world,exactly what he wanted. These parties responded to every action that their leader took;they helped him scout out a specific country and infiltrate that countrys government. These parties believe in Hitler and did whatever he told them to do, including in theUnited States. After the countries realized Hitlers power they all formed differentalliances. The Germans allied with Italy and Japan. The US allied with Great Britain,France, and the Soviet Union. It seemed as though each day another country would signup with either side. Sometimes, even, countries would agree not to fight each. The pre-war and during the war, militaries from all countries fought a war with superiorequipment than in the last war. With the invention of the plane, tank, machinegun spreadwar supplies all over the globe and allowed each country to empower itself. The USprepared for war by passing a series of congressional acts that enabled the war budget toincrease dramatically. These acts also allowed for the US to help other countries withoutactually engaging in the war. The US supplied Great Britain with supplies and shipswithout ever declaring war on Germany. Germanys invention of t he Blitzkrieg theyattacked nations and conquered them in single days. No nation had ever seen tactics likethis before, and they worked for Hitler. Hitlers air force was the best in the world; he hadthe most planes with the best pilots. They were unstoppable. Japans increase in militarypower proved itself with the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December. Japan showed off itsmassive air force that dominated and destroyed the majority of the United States Navyfleet. World War II was a war that brought the world together. Their wasnt a place on the earthwere this war wasnt fought. Their wasnt a place on this earth were people didnt takesides, whether with the Allies or the Axis powers. The war brought countries like theUnited States and the Soviet Union together. However, the war did bring massdestruction the Europe and the massive demise of the people hated by the Nazis. Hitleralmost wiped out an entire race; however, he failed because the on dominance andperseverance of democracy upon the world. .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f , .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .postImageUrl , .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f , .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f:hover , .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f:visited , .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f:active { border:0!important; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f:active , .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2a93fa3ef69cb7a2d53b46b2c8c7503f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Corruption in Annawadi EssayWorld War Two was a terrible and destructive war. Although many dynamics led to theadvent of World War Two, the catalyst of the Second World War was actually theaftermath of the First World War. The First World Wars aftermath set the stage for therise of Hitler. On Nov. 11, 1918, an armistice was signed by the German commanders in the railcar ofthe French commander, Ferdinand Foch, ending the

Thursday, April 2, 2020

Tennessee Williams Conclusion Essay Example For Students

Tennessee Williams Conclusion Essay I. Teaching/Learning Objectives for College-Level StudentsIn this first section, I will list some teaching/learning objectivesfor college-level students studying Tennessee Williams. They are: * To read and comprehend the plays written by Williams. * To be able to explain quotes and/or passages from the plays. * To be able to tell about the life of Tennessee Williams. We will write a custom essay on Tennessee Williams Conclusion specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now * To have an understanding of the 20th century culture (ex. language, family life, etc.). * To be able to read and respond to the plays by writing essays ofcriticism. * To be able to do through research on Williams. * To learn how to enjoy the writings of Tennessee Williams. II. Brief Overview of Tennessee Williams CareerTennessee Williams was born Thomas Lanier Williams in 1911. Heattended the Universityof Missouri in Columbia (Blooms BioCritiques, 21). There he became thefirst freshman to win an honorable mention in the Dramatic Arts Club One-Act Play Contest (Blooms BioCritiques, 22). One of the poems he wrotewas published in his college yearbook in 1932. In 1938, Williams graduated from the University of Iowa (BloomsBioCritiques, 115) and in 1939, he received the Rockefeller grant(Blooms BioCritiques, 115). In 1944, one of his most famous plays, TheGlass Menagerie, opens up in Chicago. Three years later, A Streetcar NamedDesire is debuted. Within the next ten years, Williams had written atleast ten other plays. In 1961, he won the New York Critics CircleAward (Blooms BioCritiques, 116). He received that National Arts Clubgod medal for literature (Blooms BioCritiques, 117) in 1975. Williamsreceived an honorary degree from Harvard University (BloomsBioCritiques, 117) in 1982, a year before he died. III. Analysis/Close Reading of The Glass MenagerieThe Glass Menagerie has four main characters. They are AmandaWingfield, TomWingfield, Laura Wingfield, and Jim OConnor. Amanda Wingfield is thesingle mother in the play. Her husband had deserted the family yearsbefore. Tom Wingfield is the son of Amanda. He works in a shoe warehouseand is the main breadwinner of the family. Laura Wingfield is the daughterof Amanda. She is slightly disabled and enjoys playing with her collectionof glass animals. Last, but not least, Jim OConnor is the man who Laurahad liked in high school. He later shows up at their home as a gentlemancaller for Laura. There are many themes that the readers must take underconsideration. They are: escape, disappointment, dreams, hope, anddespair. This analysis comes from The Anthology of American Literature. In Scene I, Tom is seen addressing the audience from the fire escape. He tells the audience that this is a memory play (Williams, 1450). Healso tells them about the other characters in the play. Tom speaks abouthis father who had left the family some time ago. He said that his fatherwas a telephone man who fell in love with long distances (Williams,1450). Tom goes into the dining room where Amanda and Laura are. Amanda,being a nagging mother, is fussing at Tom about how he eats his food. Thisstarts a small argument between the two and Tom goes into the living room. Laura gets up the blanc mange (Williams, 1451). Amanda tells her to sitdown because she wants her to be fresh for her gentlemen callers. Lauratells her that she is not expecting any. Amanda then begins to tell herstory of how she had seventeen gentlemen callers in one day. Laura and Tompatiently listen to the story once more. Amanda sends Laura into theliving room to practice her typing. She also tells Laura to Stay freshand pretty Its almost time for our gentleman callers to start arriving(Williams, 1452). Laura is sure that she would not have any and she feelsthat her mother was afraid that she was going to be an old maid(Williams, 1452). As Scene 2 opens up, Laura is seen playing with her glass animals. Assoon as she hears Amanda coming, she puts them away quickly and pretends tostudy her typewriting homework. When Amanda comes in, Laura asks her howeverything was. Amanda accuses Laura of deceiving her, but Laura does notknow what she is referring to. She tells Laura that she had gone toRublicans Business College (Williams, 1454) to check on Laurasprogress. When she talked to the typing teacher, the teacher did not evenknow who Laura was. Amanda complains about losing fifty dollars on tuitionand the thought of her dreams for Laura going downhill. She demands thatLaura tell her where she goes when she is not a school. Laura explains toher that she takes walks in the park. She then tells Amanda that she hadgotten sick one day and could not go back. Amanda begins to wonder aboutwhat happens to young girls who do not have a future career in mind. Shesays, Ive seen such pitiful cases in the South barely toleratedspinster s living upon the grudging patronage of sisters husband orbrothers wife (Williams, 1455). Amanda then asks Laura if she had ever liked a boy. Laura tells heryes, a boy named Jim. She tells Amanda a little about Jim and how he usedto call her Blue Roses (Williams, 1455). Amanda all of a sudden says,Girls that arent cut out for business careers usually wind up married tosome nice man. Sister, thats what youll do (Williams, 1456). Lauradoes not think so because she is crippled. Amanda does not like for Laurato use the word cripple and says that all she needs to do is to developcharm (Williams, 1456). Scene 3 shows Tom on the fire escape talking about his mothers plansfor Laura. He tells the audience that in order to raise some extra money,she started trying to recruit subscribers for a magazine by telephone. Thescreen image changes to a glamor magazine (Williams, 1456) as Amandaenters the room. Amanda is having a phone conversation with a woman fromher D.A.R. group. She is trying to get her to renew her subscription tothe magazine. While shes talking, the woman says that she smellssomething burning in the kitchen and hangs up. The scene then dims out. As the lights on stage appear again, the audience can hear a heatedargument between Amanda and Tom. Tom is angry because Amanda had returneda library book without his permission. Amanda says, I took that horriblenovel back to the library yes! That hideous book by that insane Mr. .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 , .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .postImageUrl , .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 , .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8:hover , .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8:visited , .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8:active { border:0!important; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8:active , .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8 .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u03fde1068fd3699522e488bdac9c48f8:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Paper on Cheating EssayLawrence (Williams, 1457). Tom lashes back by saying that he is the onewho pays the rent on the house. Tom walks out into the dining room andAmanda follows. Amanda tells him, I am at the end of my patience(Williams, 1458). Tom tells he that he has too. Amanda tells him that shethinks that he is ashamed of some of the things that he has been doing andthat is the reason for his behavior. She also thinks that he has beenlying about going to the movies every night. She says that he has no rightto jeopardize his job and their security. Tom tells her that he does notlike his job at the warehouse. The only reason that he stays is so he cansupport the family . Amanda thinks that he is being selfish. Tom pointsout to her that if he is being selfish, Id be where he is -GONE(Williams, 1458)! He says this while pointing at his fathers picture. Tom attempts to leave saying that he is going to the movies when Amandagrabs him by the arm. As he looks for his coat, he calls her an ugly babbling old witch (Williams, 1459). Tom tries to put the coat on andthe shoulder rips. He throws it across the room and it hits Lauras glasscollection. Laura begins to shriek and yells, My glass! -menagerie(Williams, 1459). Amanda turns to Tom and says that she wont speak to himuntil he apologizes to Laura. He goes over to clean up the broken glass onthe floor. As looks at Laura as if he wanted to say something but he couldnot speak. When Lauras glass shattered, a piece of her was shattered too. Scene 4 opens up with Tom returning home from the movies. He tellsher that he went to see a big stage show (Williams, 1460) starringMalvolio the Magician (Williams, 1460). He explains to her how he hadchanged water into wine and beer into whiskey. Tom says the wonderfullesttrick of all (Williams, 1460) was when he managed to escape from a nailedcoffin. He asks, But who the hell ever got himself out of one (a coffin)without ever removing a nail (Williams, 1460)? Then, a grinningphotograph (Williams, 1460) of his father lights up. The scene fades. Amanda sends Laura to wake Tom up since she is still not speaking tohim. Laura begs him to apologize, but he refuses. He says, Her notspeaking is that such a tragedy (Williams, 1460)? Amanda keeps callingLaura because she wants her to go to the store to get some butter. AsLaura leaves, she slips on the stairs and Tom and Amanda rush to see whathad happened. Laura says that she is okay. Amanda keeps talking about howthe landlord should shape up. Then she realizes that is was not speakingto Tom. Tom goes to the kitchen and has a cup of coffee. The hot coffee burnshis tongue and he gasps. Amanda turned to see if he was okay. Tom thenapologizes to his mother. She starts to cry saying, My devotion has mademe a witch and so I make myself hateful to my children (Williams, 1461). She tells Tom how important he has been to her since her husband left. Theconversation then turns to Laura. Amanda tells him that she had seen Lauracrying in her room and she thinks that it is because Tom is unhappy. Sheasks him why does he go to the movies so much. Tom tells her that he goesbecause he likes adventure. Amanda says that most men find adventure attheir jobs. Tom says that he does not. He tells her that a man is byinstinct a lover, a hunter, a fighter (Williams, 1463). Amanda does notwant to hear that nonsense, so Tom gets up to leave. Amanda wont let himleave because she is not finished talking about Laura yet. Amanda says that she had found a letter from the Merchant Marines andshe knows that Tomwants to go. She says that he can go only if he finds a husband for Laura. She wants him to find someone at his job to bring home. Tom reluctantlyagrees to do so. Amanda is happy now. In Scene 5, Amanda is asking Tom to comb his hair and for him not tosmoke so much. Shesays that the money he sends on cigarettes could have been used to take anight-school course (Williams, 1465). Amanda comes out onto the fireescape with Tom. They both make wishes on the new moon. Amanda says thatshe wished for, success and happiness for my precious children (Williams,1466). Tom thought that she might have wished for a gentleman caller(Williams, 1466). He tells her that he had found someone at his job forLaura and that he was going to bring him home tomorrow. Amanda says thatshe does not have enough time to prepare. They go back inside so that Tom could tell her about the gentleman. He tells her that his name is Jim OConnor who is a shipping clerk(Williams, 1468). Amanda asks whether or not he drinks because, Old maidsare better off than wives of drunkards (Williams, 1468). Tom tells herthat OConnor does not even know about Laura yet, but Amanda is sure thathe will like her. Tom does not think so because Laura is crippled. Amandadoes not like for him to use that word. Tom gets up to go to the movies and Amanda yells down the fire escapeafter him that she still doesnt believe he goes to the movies. She callsto Laura to come make a wish on the moon. She asks what she should wish forand Amanda, with tears, says, Happiness and good fortune (Williams,1470). Scene 6 opens up with Tom narrating to the audience. He says that hehad brought Jim homethe next night. He then goes on to tell about Jims achievements in highschool. As the curtainsrise, we see Amanda hemming Lauras dress. Laura is nervous. Amandacannot understand why Laura is so antisocial. Amanda puts the finaltouches to Lauras appearance by stuffing her bra with two powder puffs. Amanda then goes off to get dressed also. Amanda comes back in the room wearing a yellowed voile with a bluesilk sash (Williams, 1472). She is also carrying a bouquet of flowers. Amanda then starts to tell the story about the summer she met her husband. Laura asks what Mr. OConnor full name is and Amanda says, Jim OConnor(Williams, 1473). After hearing this, Laura almost faints. She says thatshe will not come to the table if it is the Jim OConnor she knew fromschool. Amanda will not hear of it. She says that Laura has to let themin because Jim had left his key. .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 , .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .postImageUrl , .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 , .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8:hover , .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8:visited , .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8:active { border:0!important; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8:active , .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8 .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u35b9ae30d50c8a80ae4dc4821ad4ced8:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Violence: Dont Play That Game? EssayLaura is sitting in the living room when she hears the guys coming upthe fire escape. Amanda tells her to open the door, but she just sitsthere. Laura claims to be sick. After she lets them in, Laura immediatelyleaves the room. Tom explains to Jim that Laura is terribly shy(Williams, 1474). Tom and Jim go on the fire escape to smoke and to talk about work. Amanda calls them inside. Amandas dress and attitude surprise them. Shesends Tom to get Laura and Tom comes back saying that Laura is not feelingwell. Amanda insists that she comes and eats. Laura comes in and stumblesover a chair. Amanda realizes that Laura may actually be sick. She tellsTom to help Laura over to the sofa. The other three go back to eatingdinner. As Tom is praying, Amanda steals a nervous glance at Jim(Williams, 1478). Laura is seen on the sofa with her hands over her mouthtrying to hold back a sob. As the curtains rise for Scene 7, Laura is still seen lying on thesofa. As soon as the othersfinish eating dinner, the lights go out because the bill has not been paid. Amanda lights a candle and goes to check the fuse box with Jims help. She makes Tom help with the dishes. Jim goes to keep Laura company. Laura is nervous talking to Jim, but Jim is comfortable. He asks herto sit on the floor with him and she does. Jim tells her that he judgesher to be an old-fashioned type of girl (Williams, 1481). Laura asks himwhether or not he had kept up with his singing. Jim then realizes that hehad known her from highschool. She tells him that he used to call herBlue Roses (Williams, 1481). He remembers that she was a loner andalways self-conscious because of her leg braces. Laura then goes to get a highschool yearbook. The two begin to lookat pictures. Laura tells Jim that she went to three performances of ThePirates of Penzance hoping that he would sign her program. She says thatshe did not come up to him because he was always surrounded by a group ofpeople. Jim takes one of her programs and signs it saying, My signatureisnt worth very much right now. But some day maybe it will increase invalue (Williams, 1484)! They then talk about school and their futuredreams. Laura asks Jim about his highschool girlfriend and if they wereengaged or not. Jim says that they never were and that he never sees her. Laura shows Jim her glass collection. She points out that herfavorite one is the unicorn. Jimputs the unicorn back on the table and goes to the fire escape door. Heopens the door and hears waltz music coming from the Paradise Dance Hall(Williams, 1486). He asks Laura if she would like to dance. She says thatshe cant dance. He convinces her to try and they start dancing a clumsywaltz (Williams, 1487). As they are dancing, they bump into the table andthe unicorn falls on the floor and breaks. The horn is lost. Jim feelsbad because it was her favorite. Surprisingly, Laura is not too upsetabout it. She says, Glass breaks so easily. No matter how careful youare (Williams, 1487). Jim is impressed by her sense of humor. His voicechanges as he begins to tell her how different she is from other girls andhow pretty she is. He insists on kissing her and he does. After doingthis, he realizes that he has made a mistake. Jim explains to Laura thathe is dating someone else. He goes on to talk about how wonderful it is tobe in love and that this girl has turned his life around. Laura then givesJim the broken unicorn as a souvenir (Williams, 1490). This is a symbolthat Laura is heartbroken. Amanda comes into the room and Jim then tellsthem that he and his girlfriend are getting married the second Sunday inJune (Williams, 1491). Amanda is surprised and wonders why Tom did nottell them. Jim tells her that no one at his job knows yet. He then thanksher for her hospitality and Laura for the souvenir and leaves. Laura sits by the Victrola and winds it up. Amanda calls Jim in andtells him, What awonderful joke you played on us (Williams, 1492)! Jim does not know whatshe is talkingabout. Amanda tells him that Jim is engaged. Tom says that he did notknow. He says, the warehouse is where I work, not where I know thingsabout people (Williams, 1492)! Amanda insists that he lives in a dreamworld. Tom attempts to walk out saying that he is going to the movies. Amanda accuses him of being selfish once more. He tells her, The more youshout about my selfishness to me the quicker Ill go, and I wont go to themovies (Williams, 1492)! She tells him to just go to the moon. Tomsmashes his glass on the floor (Williams, 1492) and storms out of thehouse. At the end of the play, Tom is seen narrating from the fire escape. He says, I didnt go to the moon, I went much further for time is thelongest distance between two places (Williams, 1492). He explains that hewas fired from his job for writing a poem on the lid of a shoe-box(Williams, 1492). He says that he followed in his fathers footsteps. Hesays that he continues to think about Laura wherever he goes. IV.Williams Style and Literary MentorsThe World Book Encyclopedia says that Williams is an Americanplaywright whose dramasPortray the loneliness and isolation of man. He has been criticized forhis use of violence andsexual abnormality, but his dominant tone is one of tenderness andcompassion. The language of his plays is occasionally coarse n thenaturalistic tradition, but it is generally poetic (261). Tennessee Williams had many literary mentors. He enjoyed the works ofOscar Wilde (Blooms BioCritiques, 82), Percy Shelley (BloomsBioCritiques, 82), John Keats (Blooms BioCritiques, 82), Shakespeare andothers.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Biography of Betty Friedan, Feminist, Writer, Activist

Biography of Betty Friedan, Feminist, Writer, Activist Betty Friedan (February 4, 1921–February 4, 2006) was an author and activist whose seminal 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is credited with helping spark the modern feminist movement in the United States. Among her other accomplishments, Friedan was the founder and first president of the National Organization for Women (NOW). Fast Facts: Betty Friedan Known For: Helping spark the modern feminist movement; founder and first president of the National Organization of WomenAlso Known As: Betty Naomi GoldsteinBorn: February 4, 1921 in Peoria, IllinoisParents: Harry M. Goldstein, Miriam Goldstein  Horwitz OberndorfDied: February 4, 2006 in Washington, D.C.Education: Smith College  (BA), University of California, Berkeley (M.A.)Published Works: The Feminine Mystique (1963), The Second Stage (1981), Life so Far (2000)Awards and Honors: Humanist of the Year from the American Humanist Association (1975), Mort Weisinger Award from the American Society of Journalists and Authors (1979), Induction into the National Womens Hall of Fame (1993)Spouse: Carl Friedan (m. 1947–1969)Children: Daniel, Emily, JonathanNotable Quote:  A woman is handicapped by her sex, and handicaps society, either by slavishly copying the pattern of mans advance in the professions or by refusing to compete with man at all. Early Years Friedan was born on February 4, 1921, in Peoria, Illinois as Betty Naomi Goldstein. Her parents were immigrant Jews. Her father was a jeweler and her mother, who had been an editor of the womens pages of a newspaper, left her job to become a homemaker. Bettys mother was unhappy in that choice, and she pushed Betty to get a college education and pursue a career. Betty later dropped out of her doctoral program at the University of California at Berkeley, where she was studying group dynamics, and moved to New York to pursue a career. During World War II, she worked as a reporter for a labor service, and had to give up her job to a veteran who returned at the end of the war. She worked as a clinical psychologist and social researcher along with being a writer. She met and married theatrical producer Carl Friedan, and they moved to Greenwich Village. She took a maternity leave from her job for their first child; she was fired when she asked for maternity leave for her second child in 1949. The union gave her no help in fighting this firing, and so she became a housewife and mother, living in the suburbs. She also wrote freelance magazine articles, many for magazines directed at the middle-class housewife. Survey of Smith Graduates In 1957, for the 15th reunion of her graduating class at Smith, Friedan was asked to survey her classmates on how theyd used their education. She found that 89% were not using their education. Most were unhappy in their roles. Friedan analyzed the results and consulted experts. She found that both women and men were trapped in limiting roles. Friedan wrote up her results and tried to sell the article to magazines but could find no buyers. So she turned her work into a book, which was published in 1963 as The Feminine Mystique. It became a best-seller, eventually translated into 13 languages. Celebrity and Involvement Friedan also became a celebrity as a result of the book. She moved with her family back to the city and she became involved in the growing womens movement. In June 1966, she attended a Washington meeting of state commissions on the status of women. Friedan was among those present who decided that the meeting was unsatisfying, as it didnt generate any actions to implement the findings on the inequality of women. So in 1966, Friedan joined other women in founding the National Organization for Women (NOW). Friedan served as its first president for three years. In 1967, the first NOW convention took on the Equal Rights Amendment and abortion, though NOW viewed the abortion issue as highly controversial and focused more on political and employment equality. In 1969, Friedan helped found the National Conference for the Repeal of Abortion Laws to focus more on the abortion issue; this organization changed its name after the Roe v. Wade decision to become the National Abortion Rights Action League (NARAL). In that same year, she stepped down as NOW president. In 1970, Friedan led in organizing the Womens Strike for Equality on the 50th anniversary of winning the vote for women. The turnout was beyond expectations; 50,000 women participated in New York alone. In 1971, Friedan helped form the National Womens Political Caucus for feminists who wanted to work through the traditional political structure, including political parties, and running or supporting women candidates. She was less active in NOW, which became more concerned with revolutionary action and sexual politics; Friedan was among those who wanted more focus on political and economic equality. Lavender Menace Friedan also took a controversial stand on lesbians in the movement. NOW activists and others in the womens movement struggled over how much to take on issues of lesbian rights and how welcoming to be of movement participation and leadership by lesbians. For Friedan, lesbianism was not a womens rights or equality issue but a matter of private life, and she warned the issue might diminish support for womens rights, using the term lavender menace. Later Years and Death In 1976, Friedan published It Changed My Life, with her thoughts on the womens movement. She urged the movement to avoid acting in ways that made it difficult for mainstream men and women to identify with feminism. By the 1980s, she was more critical of the focus on sexual politics among feminists. She published The Second Stage in 1981. In her 1963 book, Friedan wrote of the feminine mystique and the housewifes question, Is this all? Now Friedan wrote of the feminist mystique and the difficulties of trying to be Superwoman, doing it all. She was criticized by many feminists as abandoning the feminist critique of traditional womens roles, while Friedan credited the rise of Reagan and rightwing conservatism and various Neanderthal forces to the failure of feminism to value family life and children. In 1983, Friedan began to focus on researching fulfillment in the older years, and in 1993 published her findings as The Fountain of Age. In 1997, she published Beyond Gender: The New Politics of Work and Family Friedans writings, from The Feminine Mystique through Beyond Gender, were also criticized for representing the viewpoint of white, middle-class, educated women and for ignoring other womens voices. Among her other activities, Friedan often lectured and taught at colleges, wrote for many magazines, and was an organizer and director of the First Womens Bank and Trust. Friedan died on February 4, 2006, in Washington, D.C. Legacy Despite all of her later work and activism, it was the The Feminine Mystique that truly launched the second-wave feminist movement. It has sold several million copies and been translated into multiple languages. It is a key text in Women’s Studies and U.S. history classes. For years, Friedan toured the United States speaking about The Feminine Mystique and introducing audiences to her groundbreaking work and to feminism. Women have repeatedly described how they felt when reading the book: They realized they were not alone and that they could aspire to something more than the life they were being encouraged or even forced to lead. The idea Friedan expresses is that if women escaped the confines of â€Å"traditional† notions of femininity, they could then truly enjoy being women. Sources Friedan, Betty.  The Feminine Mystique. W.W. Norton Company, 2013.â€Å"Betty Friedan.†Ã‚  National Womens History MuseumFindagrave.com. Find a Grave.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Wall street journal Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words - 2

Wall street journal - Essay Example It has also been equipped with Apple’s Touch ID fingerprint reader. The Touch ID allows users to purchase items within apps by using Apple Pay payment services in addition to also acting as a security feature (Wakabayashi, 2014). In July 2013, Apple announced that it would work with International Business Machines Corp so as to develop iPad and iPhone apps that would cater to the workplace. By positioning the iPad as a possible PC replacement for the newly emergent generation of workers, Apple is noted to be aiming at attempting to answer the existential question noted to be facing tablet computers as technology continues to evolve. As smartphones continue to grow bigger with more powerful processors and larger screens, this trend is noted to be visible in Apple’s own products as is demonstrated in the case of the newly released iPhone 6 plus which comes with a 5.5-inch display that is nearly encroaching on iPad Mini’s 7.9-inch screen. Having been the first tablet computer in 2010, Wakabayashi (2014) points out that the iPad was largely a runaway success but demand for the product has started to gradually slow. A key reason as to why the sale of tablets is gradually decreasing is that people that own iPads are not replacing their tablet computers nearly as often as they tend to swap their phones. It is estimated that about 46% of the iPads that are currently in use are the original iPad and iPad 2 that were initially introduced in 2010 and 2011 respectively. The new iPad Air 2 is largely expected to help drive what will be â€Å"an upgrade cycle† among the currently existing owners of iPads. Other than the iPad Air 2, Apple also plans on unveiling a new iPad Mini 3, that will come with Touch ID as well as a new iMac personal computer. To compete with lower priced rivals that run Google Inc’s Android operating system, Apple cut the price of last year’s iPad model down to $299 while that for its previous iPad minis was reduced to $249. Apple is also